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In 1974, the Minneapolis city council amended their local code of Civil Rights Ordinances to protect residents from employment discrimination on the basis of their sexual orientation.

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With the addition of five new words ("…or affectional or sexual preference"), the very first piece of private employment nondiscrimination law covering lesbian, gay, and bisexual people in the United States was born.

Courtesy of Movement Advancement Project (MAP)

The scan of the amended ordinance comes to us courtesy of the Movement Advancement Project (MAP), an LGBT rights and policy-focused think tank that published a report on LGBT-inclusive nondiscrimination ordinances in the U.S. this week in collaboration with the Equality Federation Institute.

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According to the report, the LGB-inclusive Minneapolis ordinance was further amended in 1975 to protect residents of the Minnesota city on the basis of gender identity. Legislation related to transgender civil rights continues to lag behind LGB-inclusive nondiscrimination law, MAP found.

Today, 22 states plus D.C. protect residents on the basis of their sexual orientation, and 19 of those states also offer protections on the basis of gender identity. Many other nondiscrimination ordinances have been passed and amended in cities and counties across the country. But MAP found that nearly half of the population lives in areas where they remain vulnerable to homophobic, biphobic, and transphobic employment bias.

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