This year marks the 60th anniversary of Brown v. Board of Education, the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case that declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional. In a unanimous vote, the Supreme Court declared that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal” and a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order 10925, which mandated that federal contractors “take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin.”

Four years later, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued Executive Order 11246, which prohibited discrimination based on those same attributes. Johnson amended the order in 1967 to include gender.

Today, affirmative action continues to be a heavily debated topic in higher education. The question of whether or not schools should adopt these policies when it comes to their admissions process is polarizing.

Sheryll Cashin, author of “Place, Not Race: A New Vision of Opportunity in America,” spoke about these policies with Fusion’s Alicia Menendez. Cashin argued using place instead of race would be a better way of amending structural disadvantages.

Watch the full interview here:

Credit: Andrea Torres, Bianca Perez

Story Tags



Stories not to be missed!


Why the age you get your period matters — for the rest of your life

EAST RUTHERFORD, NJ - JULY 10:  Singer/songwriter Taylor Swift performs onstage during The 1989 World Tour Live at MetLife Stadium on July 10, 2015 in East Rutherford, New Jersey.  (Photo by Larry Busacca/Getty Images for TAS)

Taylor Swift’s stage malfunction last night exposed exactly what it means to be a pop star


20 years ago, Donald Trump told Oprah he'd only run for president under one condition